Hubertine Auclert (1848–1914) was a militant feminist who battled for women's rights, in particular their right to vote. She became anti-clerical when she was a teenager, when nuns judged her 'too independent' to join a convent. It is believed that she is the first militant to label herself a 'feminist'. She founded the journal La Citoyenne in 1881 and received the support of Séverine and Marie Bashkirtseff. She saw Joan of Arc as a symbol of feminist struggle.