1877 – 1933'
Raymond Roussel's novels and plays were unsuccessful in his lifetime and he died of a massive overdose of barbiturates in Palermo. Only later would he be seen as a precursor, indeed a kind of godfather, of Oulipo.
And his influence continues. I've just noticed that Iain Sinclair mentions the novel The Vorrh by B. Catling as his most significant read of 2013 (TLS 5774, 29 November 2013). The name of this trilogy comes from Roussel's imaginary forest in Impressions d'Afrique (1910), a novel whose second part Roussel said must be read before the first part, as the first part came chronologically after the second.
Below is a link to one of Roussel's most famous novels:
Raymond Roussel: Locus Solus
Link to my earlier post on Père-Lachaise:
Le Cimetière du Père-Lachaise / Père Lachaise Cemetery